BE SAFE IN THE SUN

Be Safe In The Sun

People on holiday spend more time under the sun sight-seeing and traveling compare to when they are staying at home. Even for people who stay in tropical countries who are used to the sunny, hot climate , need protection from the sun when they are traveling.

How Ultraviolet (UV) light can damage to our skin?

Ultraviolet light (UV) light is damaging to our skin. UV is divided into two types, UVA and UVB. UVA causes skin tanning and aging, while UVB makes the skin burn and can lead to skin cancer with long term exposure. Nothing can stop UVA and UVB rays. This means that you are still not fully protected even if you remain in a shade or wear long-sleeved clothes. Nonetheless, covering yourself up or staying in the shade is still beneficial as it does provide some protection.

Different people have different susceptibility to the effects of the sun. Darker skinned people can stay in the sum longer that fairer skinned people.

SUN PROTECTION FACTOR (SPF)

Sun Protection Factor (SPF) indicates how much protection is provided by the sunscreen product. The higher the number, the greater is the protection. For example, if you normally get burnt after being pout in the sun for 30 minutes, an SPF of 15 protects you 15 times longer, which means that you can be out in the sun 15 x 30 minutes before you get burnt.

SPF CHART – BASIC PROTECTION GUIDELINES

SKIN TYPE 1 HOUR 2 HOURS 3 HOURS 4 HOURS 5 HOURS
Type 1 – Very fair skin,
never tans always burns
SPF 15 SPF 30 SPF 30 SPF 60 SPF 60
Type 2 – Fair skin, slow
tans, burn easily
SPF 15 SPF 30 SPF 30 SPF 60 SPF 60
Type 3 – Light skin,
gradual tan, initially burns
SPF 8 SPF 15 SPF 15 SPF 30 SPF 30
Type 4 – Medium skin, tan
well, minimal burns
SPF 4 SPF 8 SPF 8 SPF 15 SPF 15
Type 5 ,6 – Dark skin,
easily tans, rarely burns
SPF 4 SPF4 SPF 4 SPF 8

SPF 8


HOW TO PROTECT YOUR SKIN FROM SUN?

  • Use sunscreen products, preferably water-resistant ones. Creams, lotions gels and sprays are all effective. Since oils tend to fry the skin, it should only be reserved for those who tan very easily.
  • Always reapply sunscreen regularly and generously, especially after swimming even if it’s a water resistant product.
  • Avoid exposure to the midday sun when the sun is at its hottest. Ears, lips, noses, breasts, bald heads and other areas not normally exposed to the sun are more sensitive and hence, require more protection. Sunblocks with SPF30 and above are recommended.
  • Children burn more easily and should be protected from the sun. Children under 6 SHOULD NOT be expose to the sun without cover of protection.
  • Hats. clothing and shades are recommended.

SUNBURN

When a person is over-exposed, the skin may turn red, sore and irritated. In extreme cases, blistering might occur.

For adult s with mild sunburn, the best treatment is to:

  • Keep out of the sun and cover up until completely healed.
  • Keep the burned skin cool by showering or bathing in cool but not cold water.
  • Soothing creams can be applied.
  • Drink plenty of non-alcoholic fluids.

SUNSTROKE AND HEAT EXHAUSTION

Sunstroke occurs suddenly while heat exhaustion comes on a little slower. The victim becomes weak and sick with high temperature and headache. The best treatment is to drink plenty of non-alcoholic fluids and rest. Seek doctor treatment is condition did not improve.

MORE TRAVEL HEALTHCARE

Copyright © 2017 1malaysiahotelstravelguide.com. All Rights Reserved.
All trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy